Jose Eos Trinidad

Jose Eos Trinidad is an Assistant Professor in the Policy, Politics, and Leadership cluster of the University of California Berkeley School of Education. He is a sociologist focused on the study of organizations outside schools and the study of schools as organizations. Bringing together the sociologies of organizations and education, his research interrogates education policy, civil society, and institutional change. He received his Joint PhD in Sociology and Comparative Human Development from the University of Chicago.

His research primarily investigates the interaction between schools and "outside" research, philanthropic, and nonprofit organizations — with consequences for our understanding of public policy implementation, school improvement, and civil society. His current research looks at these cross-sector partnerships (1) in large urban school districts like Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York City, (2) with quantitative datasets assembled from US nonprofit tax records, and (3) in a project looking at the creation of new civic organizations in American and British postcolonies like the Philippines and Malaysia. To understand policies and politics holistically, he is a multi-method researcher using quantitative causal inference strategies, qualitative interviews, and network analysis. 

His research has been published in more than 30 peer-reviewed journal articles such as in Educational Researcher; Educational Policy; Socius; Sociological Inquiry; Race Ethnicity & Education; and Leadership & Policy in Schools. He is also the author of two books, one of which won the Philippine National Book Award.

He teaches courses on causal inference (advanced quantitative methods), organizational theory, and education inequality and policy. 

Note for PhD Applicants
Please feel free to send me an email to introduce yourself and your work to me. One of the most important considerations with graduate school application is finding a fit between you and your potential advisor. In my case, I am happy to be an advisor if you have any of these interests: (1) cross-sector partnerships between schools, districts, and "outside" philanthropic or nonprofit organizations; (2) education policy research using quantitative methods and organizational theories; and (3) sociology of education.

View his curriculum vitae.

View his Google Scholar


[37] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2024. “From Boardrooms to Classrooms: How Interorganizational Networks Influence Education Policy Adoption.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, online first: 1-26. doi:

[36] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2024. “Positionality in the Politics of Education: Strategies and Constraints of Education Reformers.” Educational Policy online first: 1-33. doi: 10.1177/08959048231220038

[35] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2024. “Interviewing K-12 Education Experts and Elites.” Frontiers in Education 1: 1-7, doi: 10.3389/feduc.2024.1286151

[34] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2023. “Rethinking School Improvement Organizations: Understanding their Variety, Benefits, Risks, and Future Directions.” Educational Researcher online first: 1-8. doi: 10.3102/0013189X231179116

[33] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2023. “The Irony of Accountability: How a Performance-Inducing Policy Reduces Motivation to Perform.” Socius 9: 1-15. doi: 10.1177/23780231231180387

[32] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2023. “An Organizational Sociology of Education: Using Structural, Network, and Ecological Perspectives in the Study of Schools.” Sociological Inquiry. online first. 1-26. doi: 10.1111/soin.12583

[31] Ngo, Galvin Radley, Davijay Leighton Engay, Janela Leemae Gaw, George Milbrain D. Kho, Lorenzo Lagamon, Kerima Ruth Sonaco, Lars Michaelsen Salamante, and Jose Eos Trinidad. 2023. “Student-Centered Learning During COVID-19: Lessons from Paulo Freire and Teaching in Higher Education.” Philippine Sociological Review 71: 96-112. doi: 10.2307/48750343

[30] Trinidad, Jose Eos, Assumpta Nina San Andres, Peter Louise Garnace, & Stanley Guevara. 2023. "Effective Subunits in Ineffective Systems: Simultaneous Tight and Loose Coupling in Higher Education Data Use." Acta Sociologica online first: 1-16. doi: 10.1177/00016993221145369

[29] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2022. “Meaning-Making, Negotiation, and Change in School Accountability, Or What Sociology Can Offer Policy Studies.” Sociological Inquiry online first:1–26. doi: 10.1111/soin.12485.

[28] Trinidad, Jose Eos, and Ronnel B. King. 2022. “Ability Grouping Predicts Inequality, Not Achievement Gains in Philippine Schools: Findings from PISA 2018.” Educational Research for Policy and Practice 21(2): 305-322. doi: 10.1007/s10671-021-09307-8.

[27] Leung, Christy Y.Y., Jose Eos Trinidad, and Dana Suskind. 2022. Increases in Language Input are Sustained among Mothers of Low SES: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Parenting: Science and Practice, online first: 1-33. doi: 10.1080/15295192.2022.2115912.

[26] Leung, Christy Y.Y., Jose Eos Trinidad, and Dana Suskind. 2022. Video-Based Anticipatory Guidance on Early Cognitive and Language Development in the First Six Months: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The Journal of Pediatrics online first: 1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.03.008.

[25] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2021. “Social Consequences and Contexts of Adverse Childhood Experiences.” Social Science & Medicine 277:1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.113897.

^ Media coverage: invited podcast feature for Down the Research Rabbit Hole

[24] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2021. “Childhood Adversity and Deviant Peers: Considering Behavioral Selection and Cultural Socialization Pathways.” Children and Youth Services Review 121:1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105844.

[23] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2021. “Structural Limitations and Functional Alternatives Reducing Suspensions and Preserving Racial Suspension Gaps.” Race Ethnicity and Education 24(1):96–111. doi: 10.1080/13613324.2018.1538119.

^ Winner: Earl S. and Esther Johnson Prize for Best MA Thesis

[22] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2021. “Equity, Engagement, and Health: School Organisational Issues and Priorities during COVID-19.” Journal of Educational Administration and History 53(1):67–80. doi: 10.1080/00220620.2020.1858764.

[21] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2021. “Teacher Satisfaction and Burnout during COVID-19: What Organizational Factors Help?” International Journal of Leadership in Education online first:1–19. doi: 10.1080/13603124.2021.2006795.

[20] Trinidad, Jose Eos, and Enrique Niño P. Leviste. 2021. “Toward Greater Access and Impact: Directions for a Sociological Understanding of Philippine Higher Education.” Industry and Higher Education 35(3):201–10. doi: 10.1177/0950422220954062.

[19] Trinidad, Jose Eos, Maxine Diane Raz, and Iva Melissa Magsalin. 2021. “‘More than Professional Skills:’ Student Perspectives on Higher Education’s Purpose.” Teaching in Higher Education online first:1–15. doi: 10.1080/13562517.2021.1891043.

[18] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2021. “Nuancing Interdisciplinarity: Between and Beyond Liberal Arts and Professional Education.” Perspectives in the Arts and Humanities Asia 10(2):209–30. doi: 10.13185/PAHA2020.10202.

[17] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2021. “Dialogue, Discernment, and Creative Tensions in Jesuit Higher Education.” International Studies in Catholic Education online first:1–17. doi: 10.1080/19422539.2020.1858638.

[16] Leyretana, Kaela, and Jose Eos Trinidad. 2021. “Predicting or Preventing Lifelong Learning? The Role of Employment, Time, Cost, and Prior Achievement.” Journal of Adult and Continuing Education online first:1–16. doi: 10.1177/14779714211054555.

[15] Haw, Joseph Y., Ronnel B. King, and Jose Eos Trinidad. 2021. “Need Supportive Teaching Is Associated with Greater Reading Achievement: What the Philippines Can Learn from PISA 2018.” International Journal of Educational Research 110:1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.ijer.2021.101864.

[14] King, Ronnel B., and Jose Eos Trinidad. 2021. “Growth Mindset Predicts Achievement Only among Rich Students: Examining the Interplay between Mindset and Socioeconomic Status.” Social Psychology of Education 24(3):635–52. doi: 10.1007/s11218-021-09616-z.

[13] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2020. “Material Resources, School Climate, and Achievement Variations in the Philippines: Insights from PISA 2018.” International Journal of Educational Development 75:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2020.102174.

[12] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2020. “Religion and the Creation of Normal Appearance: Findings from a Philippine Prison.” Social Sciences and Missions 33(1–2):105–27. doi: 10.1163/18748945-03201018.

[11] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2020. “Will It Matter Who I’m in School with? Differential Influence of Collective Expectations on Urban and Rural US Schools.” International Studies in Sociology of Education 29(4):344–65. doi: 10.1080/09620214.2019.1673791.

[10] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2020. “Understanding Student-Centred Learning in Higher Education: Students’ and Teachers’ Perceptions, Challenges, and Cognitive Gaps.” Journal of Further and Higher Education 44(8):1013–23. doi: 1.1080/0309877X.2019.1636214.

[9] Trinidad, Jose Eos, Galvin Radley Ngo, Ana Martina Nevada, and Jeanne Angelica Morales. 2020. “Engaging and/or Effective? Students’ Evaluation of Pedagogical Practices in Higher Education.” College Teaching 68(4):161–71. doi: 10.1080/87567555.2020.1769017.

[8] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2019. “Teacher Response Process to Bureaucratic Control: Individual and Group Dynamics Influencing Teacher Responses.” Leadership and Policy in Schools 18(4):533–43. doi: 10.1080/15700763.2018.1475573

[7] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2019. “Collective Expectations Protecting and Preventing Academic Achievement.” Education and Urban Society 51(9):1147–71. doi: 10.1177/0013124518785444.

[6] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2019. “Stable, Unstable, and Later Self-Expectations’ Influence on Educational Outcomes.” Educational Research and Evaluation 25(3–4):163–78. doi: 10.1080/13803611.2019.1676789.

[5] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2019. “Understanding When Parental Aspirations Negatively Affect Student Outcomes: The Case of Aspiration-Expectation Inconsistency.” Studies in Educational Evaluation 60(1):179–88. doi: 10.1016/j.stueduc.2019.01.004.

[4] Trinidad, Jose Eos, and Galvin Radley Ngo. 2019. “Technology’s Roles in Student-Centred Learning in Higher Education.” IJAR – International Journal of Action Research 15(1):81–94. doi: 10.3224/ijar.v15i1.06.

[3] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2018. “Towards a Model for Evaluating Spiritual Recollections.” International Journal of Children’s Spirituality 23(3):230–47. doi: 10.1080/1364436X.2018.1456411.

[2] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2018. “Using Pre-Test and Post-Test Data to Understand Spirituality Programs: Opportunities and Limitations.” International Journal of Children’s Spirituality 23(4):412–28. doi: 10.1080/1364436X.2018.1538044.

[1] Trinidad, Jose Eos. 2017. “Interdisciplinarity and Ignatian Pedagogy.” Perspectives in the Arts and Humanities Asia 7(2):1–17.

Interests and Professional Affiliations

  • American Sociological Association
  • American Educational Research Association
  • Sociology of Education Association


Causal Inference

Education Policy and Systems Research

Sociology of Education

Sociology of Organizations

professor jose eos trinidad wearing white top gray tie dark blue suit jacket smiling at camera


PhD, The University of Chicago, Sociology and Comparative Human Development

MA, The University of Chicago, Sociology and Social Sciences

BA, Ateneo de Manila University, Interdisciplinary Studies

Personal Webpage

Jose Eos Trinidad



School of Education
Berkeley Way West Building (BWW)
UC Berkeley
2121 Berkeley Way
Berkeley, CA 94720-1670

Office Hours

By appointment